In these part 2 series, the author's give a detailed study on how the Lost Ten tribes journey from being captive by brutality and barbarous Assyrian Empire escape finding a remote place to serve and Obey One True God again (The Great God of Israel, The God of Abraham, The God of Issac, The God of Jacob) in a different place far from their homeland.

Why did Israel 10 Lost Tribes (Northern Kingdom) captive by Assyrians?
Disobedient and Idolatrous (whoredom)

In less than 100 years after the Ten Tribes were exiled, the southern Kingdom, the House of Judah was also taken captive by the Babylonians because of the violation of the Torah. Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon smote Judah and carried them away out of their land to the provinces of Babylon. The Great God of Israel declared through the Prophet Jeremiah that the duration of Judah’s Babylonian captivity was to last for 70 years. Following the 70 years of Babylonian captivity, a remnant of people from the southern Kingdom returned to the land of Israel during the days of Ezra and Nehemiah. 

Ezra, also called Ezra the Scribe or Ezra the Priest, was a Jewish scribe and a high priest. According to the Chronicles he returned from the Babylonian exile and reintroduced the Torah in Jerusalem. 

Nehemiah is the central figure of the Chronicles of Nehemiah, which describes his work in rebuilding Jerusalem during the Second Temple period after the House of Judah returned from Babylon. He was at first a cup-bearer to Artaxerxes I king of Persia and later governor of Persia in Judea under Artaxerxes I during the time he requested to rebuild Jerusalem. 

The following table below displays a vivid reality of the Two Houses of Israel.
House of Israel House of Judah
Ten Tribes Two Tribes
Northern Kingdom Southern Kingdom
Ephraim (forsook Judaism) Judah (stayed in Judaism)
Prodigal son who left the house Elder son that stayed in the house
Ephraimites ('Goyim' - amongst the nations) Yehudim / Jews
Broken branches of the Olive Tree Olive Tree
Have forsaken Torah Judah is the Lawgiver till Shiloh comes
Now a Wild Olive Tree The Cultivated Olive Tree
Joseph from Egypt Jews from Israel
The Great God of Israel divorced her The Great God of Israel never divorced Judah
Scattered her into the world via Assyria Took her into Babylon
No return to Israel as yet Returned to Israel
Must return according to Bible prophecy for Israel's redemption Already in place, awaiting Joseph to return

Israel 10 Lost Tribes (current state - Divorce - soon to be redeemed)
Tribe of Judah + Benjamin (Not Divorce - Covenant of Mercy with King David)

Even though both the Northern Nation and the Southern Nation forsook the Great God of Israel's Torah and the covenant that he made with Abraham, he allowed the Tribe of Judah to remain because of the Great God of Israel's promise of mercy given to David. In the chronicles, it is written: 1 Kings 11:31-32, 34-36

The Great God of Israel promised David that even though His people would break his Torah Covenant, He would extend His mercy to them forever. He promised that one from the seed of David would sit on the throne of David forever. This would be fulfilled through the Moshiach / Messiah. The Great God of Israel chose to show mercy upon the House of David and the Tribe of Judah because David kept the Torah of the Great God of Israel. The Great God of Israel did this for the sake of the city of Jerusalem, His beloved city. Therefore, his promise of mercy to David was given as an extension of his covenant with Abraham so that He could fulfill the covenant that He made with Abraham.

"My mercy I will keep for him forever, and My covenant shall stand firm with him. His seed also I will make to endure forever, and his throne as the days of heaven. If his sons forsake My law and do not walk in My judgments, if they break My statutes and do not keep My commandments, then I will punish their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. Nevertheless My lovingkindness I will not utterly take from him, nor allow My faithfulness to fail. My covenant I will not break, nor alter the word that has gone out of My lips. Once I have sworn by My holiness; I will not lie to David: his seed shall endure forever, and his throne as the sun before Me; it shall be established forever like the moon, even like the faithful witness in the sky."

Concerning the redeeming process, since the Northern Nation had sold their covenant inheritance with the Great God of Israel by committing spiritual whoredom and forsaking the Torah Covenant and worshiping other gods, the Great God of Israel made provision in the Torah that one of his brothers, a member of the Southern Nation, the House of Judah, the Jewish people, could redeem her. Therefore, Moshiach, a Jew from the seed of David, would be required to redeem the Northern Nation who was cut off from their covenant relationship with the Great God of Israel. In doing this, this covenant would be restored, which is a Torah requirement. The chronicles state:

"This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel after that time, declares the Great God of Israel. I will put My Torah Covenant in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be My people."

Scriptures prophecy :

"And now the Great God of Israel says, who formed me in the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob, which is Israel, back to Him, and that Israel might be gathered to him, for I am honoured in the sight of the Great God of Israel who has become my strength, he says, 'It is too light a thing that you should be my servant to raise up the Tribes of Jacob and to restore the survivors of Israel; I will give you as a light to the nations, that My salvation may reach to the ends of the earth.' See, these come from far away, and see, those from the north and the west, and these from the land of Sinim." Isaiah 49:5-12

Prophecy has it that the Ten Tribes must return from these areas from the north, and other areas. A few interesting points concerning the Tribes’ future return are mentioned at this stage:

ü The Great God of Israel will raise the tribes and restore them,
ü The Tribes have been given specifically as a light to the nations of the world.
ü Thereby, salvation can reach all the nations at the ends of the earth, even the uttermost parts.
ü They will return from far away.
ü They will return from the north of Israel.
ü They will return from the west of Israel.
ü They will return from the land of Sinim.

The Two Houses to be reunited as ONE.
Ezekiel 37:16-23
The word of the Lord came again unto me, saying,
16 Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim and for all the house of Israel his companions:
17 And join them one to another into one stick; and they shall become one in thine hand.
18 And when the children of thy people shall speak unto thee, saying, Wilt thou not shew us what thou meanest by these?
19 Say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand.
20 And the sticks whereon thou writest shall be in thine hand before their eyes.
21 And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the heathen, whither they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land:
22 And I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all: and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all.
23 Neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions: but I will save them out of all their dwelling places, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their God.

 “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one! You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength." Deuteronomy 6:4-5