Best known as the most outrageous and controversial showman of the nineteenth century, P. T. Barnum was born in Bethel, Connecticut, in 1810. After failing at an early career as a shopkeeper, Barnum founded the weekly paper The Herald of Freedom in 1829, and began his career as a showman in 1835. He spent the next several decades running Barnum's American Museum in New York, where he maintained a collection of famous oddities. He toured with a notorious sideshow that included performers like "General" Tom Thumb and Jumbo the Elephant, and the eventually developed into the first modern three-ring-circus. Barnum served two terms in Connecticut state legislature, beginning in 1865, and was the mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut, for a single year in 1875. Barnum was also a successful author. His autobiography, which came out in a variety of editions and titles, was second only to the New Testament in number of copies printed in the nineteenth century. His most enduring work is The Art of Money Getting. He died in 1891 in Bridgeport.